VCAP-CIA objective 3.1 – Manage Provider VDCs
The blueprint states the following skills needed to cover this objective.
- Create and Provider VDCs
- Merge or Expand Provider VDCs
- Manage Provider VDC options
Creating a Provider vDC is described on pages 21 and 22 in the English version of the vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide. There is also a video showing the process in the kb noted below.
Creating a Provider Virtual Data Center in VMware vCloud Director
Let’s go through creating a Provider VDC step by step.
On the landing page click option 2 to open the wizard. Enter a descriptive name and choose the maximum supported hardware version which is affected by the build of the hosts in your cluster. Make sure the Provider VDC is enabled.
The next step is selecting the compute resources, namely choosing a vCenter Server and according Resource Pool to supply these CPU, memory and network resources from the vSphere layer to the actual vCloud workloads.
You will then need to add storage resources to the Provider VDC, be careful when choosing the * (Any) profile as this also includes the local datastores of the hosts which can cause problems. You can find more information on this profile in the following kb article.
About the *(Any) Storage Profile
The last step is to provide the root credentials to prepare the hosts for the use for vCloud Director.
After you click okay on the final summary page you can see the creation process in the Manage and Monitor tab.
The next 2 goals are described on the pages 45 – 51 in the English version of the vCloud Administrator’s Guide. Let’s start with merging 2 Provider VDCs. This is a very simple process you can start by going to the Manage and Monitor tab, choosing the Provider VDC option and right clicking the Provider VDC that should be the merge destination.
A wizard will pop up where you can choose which Provider VDC to merge with the selcted one.
To actually expand a Provider VDC you will need to either add compute resources which can be done by adding another Resource Pool, or additional storage which can be done by adding Storage Profiles to the Provider VDC. For both options a wizard is going to pop up and guide you through selecting the additional resources.
The last goal is to manage Provider VDC options. The vCloud Administrator’s Guide lists the following options and procedures that can be edited for a Provider VDC.
- Enable or Disable a Provider vDC
- Delete a Provider vDC
- Modify a Provider vDC Name and Description
- Merge Provider vDCs
- Enable or Disable a Provider vDC Host
- Prepare or Unprepare a Provider vDC Host
- Upgrade an ESX/ESXi Host Agent for a Provider vDC Host
- Repair a Provider vDC ESX/ESXi Host
- Enable vSphere VXLAN on an Upgraded Provider vDC
- Provider vDC Datastores
- Add a Storage Profile to a Provider vDC
- Edit the Metadata for a Storage Profile on a Provider vDC
- Add a Resource Pool to a Provider vDC
- Enable or Disable a Provider vDC Resource Pool
- Detach a Resource Pool From a Provider vDC
- Migrate Virtual Machines Between Resource Pools on a Provider vDC
- Configure Low Disk Space Warnings for a Provider vDC Datastore
- Send an Email Notification to Provider vDC Users
Some of these tasks or procedures are prerequisites to be able to edit other options so I will only show a few examples here. Some have even already been described above.
We will start by modifying the name and description of a Provider VDC. Simply right click a Provider VDC in the Manage and Monitor tab when selecting the Provider VDC option. Click on properties and change the settings to your new requirements.
Note that you can also change the highest supported hardware version in the renaming wizard. You will not be able to assign new storage or compute resources though.
You can disable and delete a Provider VDC by right clicking it in this view, as well as enabling VXLAN. The option to send an email notification to all Provider VDC user can also be found here by clicking the Notify… option.
When you left click on one of the Provider VDCs you get a new screen with tabs on the top. All hosts options can be seen by selecting the Hosts tab and right clicking the host. You will be able to enable or disable hosts, prepare or unprepare hosts, redeploy all VMs off from a host, upgrade the host agent or repair the host.
To edit the meta data of a Storage Profile select the Storage Profiles tab, right click the according profile and select properties. You can also enable and disable Storage Profiles that way.
You will not be able to set storage warnings in the Datastores tab, you need to choose the Datastores option on the left pane to do that as these alarms are valid for all Provider VDCs that have access to these datastores.
You can enable, disable and detach Resource Pools by right clicking them in the Resource Pools tab.
To migrate VMs to another Resource Pool choose the Open option, CTRL click all the VMs in the Resource Pool which need to be moved and choose the Migrate to option. You will have the choice to automatically select a destination Resource Pool or do a manual selection.